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Sustainability

Reporting

2020 Sustainability Report2020 Sustainability Reporting Data Sheet

NOVAGOLD believes it is appropriate to increase transparency, accountability, and enhance the suite of ESG metrics the company discloses to stakeholders. We’re committed to providing stage-appropriate and relevant information, to all stakeholders, about ESG performance in alignment with the Donlin Gold project partner Barrick Gold Corporation. NOVAGOLD is working with Barrick to implement international best practice and industry standards at the Donlin Gold project and plans to expand disclosure as the project eventually moves toward construction and into operation. We are strong proponents of ongoing engagement and consultation with stakeholders through the entire development process.

2020 Sustainability Reporting Data Sheet

All reporting data listed below is based on NOVAGOLD’s 2020 fiscal year.

Environment

The environmental results below are reported for the Donlin Gold project only on a 100% basis. Any measurements relevant to NOVAGOLD are noted in the comments column below. Additional details on environmental practices can be found on the Donlin Gold website: https://donlingold.com/

Production Statistics
Item Value Comments
Ounces of Gold Produced (Poured Ounces) 0 Not Applicable - All of these are not appliable because the Donlin Gold project is not yet in operation.
Ore mined - Open Pit 0 Not Applicable
Waste Rock Mined - Open Pit 0 Not Applicable
Total Ore Processed 0 Not Applicable
Cyanide Used 0 Not Applicable
Waste Rock Backfilled - Surface 0 Not Applicable
Tailings Produced 0 Not Applicable
Waste That is Geochemically Reactive 0 Not Applicable
Environmental Incidents
Item Value Comments
Class I - High 0 Immediately reportable to government agencies or impacts beyond site boundary or to surface or ground water, or wildlife mortality of a protected species.
Class II  - Medium 0 Reportable, but not immediately, to government agencies, within site boundary, no impacts to surface or ground water; or multiple wildlife mortalities of non-protected species.
Class III - Low 0 Not reportable to government agencies, minimal impact within site boundary, and no more than one wildlife mortality.
How Many Environmental Incidents Were Reported to The Authority? 0  
Non-Compliances
Item Value Comments
Air 1 Non-compliance not related to any emissions but to a late report.
Water 0  
Waste 0  
Land 0  
Wildlife 0  
Other 0  
Environmental Related Fines
Item Value Comments
Number of Fines Levied 0  
Value of Environmental- Related Fines 0  
Spills
Item Value Comments
Number of Spills 26 None reportable to agencies, none to water, all less than 10 gallons to land.
Volume of Oil Spills - Liters 52 None reportable to agencies, none to water, all less than 10 gallons to land.
Volume of Fuel Spills - Liters 17 None reportable to agencies, none to water, all less than 10 gallons to land.
Volume of Waste Spills - Liters 0  
Volume of Chemical Spills - Liters 1 None reportable to agencies, none to water, all less than 10 gallons to land.
Volume of Other Spills - Liters 0  
Closure and Rehab
Item Value Comments
Total Land Disturbed and Not Yet Rehabilitated At Start of Reporting Period - Hectares 0 All land disturbance is associated with limited exploration level activities, no on-site mine waste or water management facilities.
Total Amount of Land Newly Disturbed Within Reporting Period - Hectares 1  
Total Amount of Land Newly Rehabilitated Within Reporting Period - Hectares 1  
Total Rehab Planned For The Year (Hectares) 1  
Waste
Item Value Comments
Hazardous Waste Produced - Tonnes 0  
Non-hazardous Waste Produced - Tonnes 7 14,067 lbs 
Hazardous Waste Recycled - Tonnes 0  
Non-Hazardous Waste Recycled - Tonnes 0 907 lbs - rounded down to 0 tonnes
Total Reused - Tonnes Not tracked  
Total Waste to Landfill - Tonnes 77 154,800 lbs
Total Waste Incinerated - Tonnes Not tracked  
Mercury produced as a By-Product/Co-Product - Tonnes 0 No production or processing at Donlin Gold
Emissions
Item Value Comments
NOx - Stationary Sources - Tonnes 0 De minimus, small camp with no production at the Donlin Gold project
Number of Regulatory Exceedances 0 De minimus, small camp with no production at  the Donlin Gold project
SOx - Stationary Sources - Tonnes 0 De minimus, small camp with no production at the Donlin Gold project
Number of Regulatory Exceedances 0 De minimus, small camp with no production at the Donlin Gold project
Particulate Matter _PM 10 - μg/m3 0 De minimus, small camp with no production at the Donlin Gold project
Mercury Air Emissions - Tonnes 0 No production or processing at Donlin Gold
Number of Regulatory Exceedances 0  
Other Air Emissions as Regulated (Tonnes): 0  
Water Use
Item Value Comments
Surface Water - Cubic Metters 0  
Groundwater - Cubic Meters 697 All returned to ground after treatment
Total Withdrawals - Cubic Meters 697 All returned to ground after treatment
Energy Inputs / GHG Emissions
Item Value Comments
Electricity - From Outside Sources - KwH 0 All on-site power generation
Electricity - Self-Generated - KwH 586,151  
Diesel Used for Power Generation - Liters 169,385  
HFO Used for Power Generation - Liters 0  
Electricity Produced by Renewable Sources - KwH 0  
Natural Gas - MMBTU 0  
Diesel Used (Less Consumption for Power Generation) - Liters 393,683  
Propane Used - Liters 7,259  
Petrol / Gasoline Used - Liters 12,870  
Aviation Fuel Used 113,562  
Total Scope 1 GHG Emissions - tonnes of C02 1,500  
Scope 1 GHG Emissions from diesel - stationary 455  
Scope 1 GHG Emissions from diesel - mobile 1,056  
Total Scope 2 GHG Emissions 0  

Social

For additional details on NOVAGOLD's community and social development practices, please refer to NOVAGOLD's most recent Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, and Management Information Circular dated March 25, 2021, available at www.sec.gov, www.SEDAR.com or on NOVAGOLD's website at https://www.novagold.com/investors/invest/

Employment
Item Donlin Gold NOVAGOLD Comments
Male Employees Low: 6; High: 68 7 High ranges of Donlin Gold employees in all rows reflects the seasonal nature of work at the project site.
Female Employees Low: 5; High: 22 6 In 2020, women comprised 46 percent (six of 13) of NOVAGOLD’s employees. 
Male Contractors Low: 1; High: 46 0  
Female Contractors Low: 0: High: 13 0  
Local Employees Low: 10; High: 80 0 "Local" is defined as Alaska
Regional Employees Low: 1; High: 38 0 "Regional" is defined as Yukon-Kuskokwim region
Shareholders Employees Low: 4; High: 59; includes 3 Nikolai Not Applicable "Shareholders" refers to having a relationship with Calista or TKC1
National Employees Low: 11; High: 85  Not Applicable "National" for Donlin Gold refers to the USA
Foreign National Employees 0 0 All employees/contractors are U.S. or Canadian citizens
Local Senior Managers Low: 4; High: 7 0  
Regional Senior Managers 0 0  
National Senior Managers Low: 4; High: 7 5  
Foreign National Senior Managers 0 0 All employees/contractors are U.S. or Canadian citizens
Number of Non-Management Employees Who Are Female Low: 3; High: 19 5  
Number of Management-Level Employees Who Are Female Low: 2; High: 3 1  
Local Contractors Low: 2; High: 41 Not tracked  
Regional Contractors Low: 0; High: 5 (estimated) Not tracked  
National Contractors Low: 1; High: 118 Not tracked  
Foreign National Contractors Not Applicable 0 All employees/contractors are U.S. or Canadian citizens
Number of Suppliers With Clauses in Contracts Related to Local Employment 71 Not Applicable  
Turn Over
Item Donlin Gold NOVAGOLD Comments
Total Number of Employees Who Left the Organization Voluntarily Low: 2; High: 64 0 Field season ended, Camp closure
Total Number of Employees Who Left the Organization Due to Dismissal  2 0  
Total Number of New Employee Hires Low: 2; High: 74 1  
Percentage of Open Positions Filled By Internal Candidates 0 1  
Labor Unions
Item Donlin Gold NOVAGOLD Comments
Number of Employees Covered by Collective Bargaining Agreements 0 0 There are no unionized employees at either NOVAGOLD or Donlin Gold.
Days Lost to Strike Action  0 0  
Training
Item Donlin Gold NOVAGOLD Comments
Total Hours of Training for Employees 564 Not tracked  
Hours of Enviromental Training for employees and contractors 174 Not tracked  
Hours of Health, Safety, and Emergency Response Training for Employees 342 Not tracked  
Hours of Health, Safety, and Emergency Response Training for Contractors 222 Not tracked  
Local Employment Plan
Item Donlin Gold NOVAGOLD Comments
Is a Local Employment Plan In Place Yes Not Applicable For Donlin Gold, this relates to local Land Agreement/Shareholder hire agreements with Calista and TKC
Health and Safety
Item Donlin Gold NOVAGOLD Comments
Near Misses 31 0  
First Aid/Minor Injury 27 0  
Medical - Days of Restriction 14 0  
Hours worked - Employees and Contractors 166,739 0  
LTIFR 0 0 Lost Time Incident Frequency Rate is defined using the calculation of number of lost-time injuries per one million employee hours worked. 
TRIFR 1.2 0 Total Recordable Incident Frequency Rate is defined as an incidence rate of lost-time injuries, fatalities, and medical incidents and is computed using the formula: (number of injuries and illnesses X 200,000) / employee hours worked = medical incidence rate. Note: ‘200,000’ represents the number of hours 100 employees work based on 40 hours per week, 50 weeks per year, and provides the standard base for calculating the incidence rate for an entire year.
Human Rights
Item Donlin Gold NOVAGOLD Comments
Number of Employees Trained on Human Rights 85 13  
How Many Human Rights Grievances Were Escalated to Legal 0 0  
Business Ethics
Item Donlin Gold NOVAGOLD Comments
How Many Reportable Code of Conduct Breaches Were Reported in The Past Month? 0 0  
How Many Hours of Training on Anti-Corruption Were Received in The Past Month? 122 Not tracked  
Purchases
Item Donlin Gold NOVAGOLD Comments
Purchases From Regional Suppliers - $USD 171,321 Not Tracked Good/services
Purchases From Local Suppliers - $USD 8,409,772 Not Tracked Regional+Local
Purchases From National Suppliers - $USD 13,415,089 Not Tracked Regional+Local+National
Purchases From  International Suppliers - $USD 7,809,406 0 International only
Suppliers
Item Donlin Gold NOVAGOLD Comments
Number of Regional Suppliers 14 Not Tracked "Regional" is defined as Yukon-Kuskokwim region
Number of Local Suppliers 160 Not Tracked "Local" is defined as Alaska
Number of National Suppliers 232 Not Tracked Regional+Local+National
Number of International Suppliers 22 0 International only
Local Procurement Plan In Place Yes Not Applicable  
Grievances Received
Item Donlin Gold NOVAGOLD Comments
Human Rights (Automatically Escalated) 0 0  
Unmet Obligation 0 0  
Resettlement / Relocation 0 0  
Land Compensation 0 0  
Land Encroachment 0 0  
Land Access 0 0  
Property Damage 0 0  
Road Quality 0 0  
Driving / Speeding 0 0  
Security Behavior 0 0  
Employee Behavior 0 0  
Contractor Behavior 0 0  
Contractor Payment Problems 0 0  
Local Procurement / Contracting 0 0  
Local Employment 0 0  
Spills 0 0  
Water 0 0  
Dust 0 0  
Emissions 0 0  
Noise / Light 0 0  
Vibrations 0 0  
Other 0 0  
Grievances Resolutions
Item Donlin Gold NOVAGOLD Comments
Total Number of Grievances Remaining From The Previous Period 0 0  
Total Number of Grievances Received 0 0  
Community Engagement
Item Donlin Gold NOVAGOLD Comments
Number of engagements with local community members 389 Not Applicable For Donlin Gold, this is tracked across more than 56 communities in the Yukon-Kuskokwim region.
Community Investment - Donlin Gold project only
Item Donlin Gold NOVAGOLD Comments
Health - $USD 178,679 Not Applicable All NOVAGOLD investments are made through Donlin Gold under the 50/50 partnership with Barrick.  Therefore, NOVAGOLD provides 50 percent of the funds for the Donlin Gold investments.
Education - $USD 345,865 Not Applicable  
Arts, Culture & Sports - $USD 381,095 Not Applicable  
Environment - $USD 259,728 Not Applicable  
Economic Development - $USD 29,060 Not Applicable  
Infrastructure - $USD 82,564 Not Applicable  
Water Infrastructure - $USD 54,000 Not Applicable  
Community Engagement - $USD 223,623 Not Applicable  
Other - $USD 371,600 Not Applicable  
Scholarships Provided - quantity 91 Not Applicable  
Compensation Payments  - $USD 0 Not Applicable  

* Calista Corporation (Calista), which owns the mineral resources at the Donlin Gold project, and the The Kuskokwim Corporation (TKC), which owns much of the surface land, are the Alaska Native Corporations that are our partners on the Donlin Gold project.

Governance

For additional details on NOVAGOLD's corporate governance practices, please see the most recent Management Information Circular dated March 25, 2021 and posted to www.sec.gov, www.SEDAR.com or the NOVAGOLD website at https://www.novagold.com/_resources/investors/2021-03-25-Definitive-Proxy-Circular.pdf

General
Governance Item Value Additional Comments
Location of corporate office Vancouver, B.C., Canada; Salt Lake City, UT, USA  
Description of services/products Gold mine developer  
Location of projects Not Applicable  
Status of Operations Not Applicable  
Ownership Publicy traded corporation under the laws of British Columbia, Canada, and trading on the NYSE American and TSX stock exchanges under the symbol NG.   
Does the Company have an enterprise level environmental policy? Yes. Applicable policy: https://www.novagold.com/_resources/governance/Environmental_Policy.pdf  
Global Compact Signatory No  
Memberships in associations Alaska Miners Association, Council of Alaska Producers, National Mining Association, Resource Development Council (Alaska), and American Exploration and Mining Association (national)  
Statement from Senior Decision Maker Annual messages from Chairman and CEO are contained in the company's annual report available on the website at https://www.novagold.com/investors/financials/   
Values, principles, standards, and norms of behavior See https://www.novagold.com/_resources/governance/Code-of-Business-Conduct-and-Ethics-2014-01-10.pdf%20%20and%20Code%20of%20Business%20Conduct and Code of Business Conduct  
Does the Company have a publicly disclosed Code of Conduct Yes. Applicable policy: Code-of-Business-Conduct-and-Ethics-2014-01-10.pdf (novagold.com)  
Mechanisms for advice and concerns about ethics Yes. Applicable policy: Code-of-Business-Conduct-and-Ethics-2014-01-10.pdf (novagold.com)  
Whistleblower Policy or Programs, including confidential hotline and stated protection of whistleblowers Yes. Applicable policy: Code-of-Business-Conduct-and-Ethics-2014-01-10.pdf (novagold.com)  
Process for delegating authority for economic, environmental, and social topics from the highest governance body to senior executives and other employees Yes. Applicable policy: See pages 94-107 of Management Proxy Circular dated March 25, 2021  
Board Member or board committee responsible for ESG issues Corporate Governance and Nominations Committee, and Environment, Health, Safety, Sustainability and Technical Committee. Committee Charters provide guidance for Members: https://www.novagold.com/_resources/governance/Corporate-Governance-and-Nominations-Charter-updated-Jan-27-2021.pdf and  
https://www.novagold.com/_resources/governance/EHSS-Technical-Committee-Charter-2016-11-18.pdf
Composition of the highest Governance body and its committees The Board of Directors is the highest governing body, consisting of 10 Directors, eight of whom are independent. There are five standing committees: Audit; Compensation; Environment, Health, Safety, Sustainability and Technical; Corporate Governance and Nominations; and Corporate Communications. https://www.novagold.com/company/directors/  
How many women / what proportion of women are on the board 3 of 10, or 30%  
How many directors serve on the board 10  
Board diversity and board independence Yes. See page 96 of Management Information Circular dated March 25, 2021 regarding Board independence and pages 100-103 regarding Board diversity  
Diversity programmes See pages 100-103 of Management Information Circular dated March 25, 2021  
Chair of the highest Governance body Thomas Kaplan, Chairman of the Board  
The classification of the Board Chair Non-independent  
Does the Board have an independent Lead Director? Yes. Anthony Walsh serves as the Board’s independent Lead Director  
Conflicts of interest See pages 99-100 of Management Information Circular dated March 25, 2021 and the Code of Business Conduct and Ethics: https://www.novagold.com/_resources/governance/Code-of-Business-Conduct-and-Ethics-2014-01-10.pdf  
Role of the highest governance body in setting purpose, values, and strategy See pages 47-48 and pages 95-99 of the Management Information Circular dated March 25, 2021  
Collective knowledge of highest governance body Board of Directors is highest governance body; see biographies of Directors at https://www.novagold.com/company/directors/ and additional Director background in the Management Information Circular dated March 25, 2021   
Evaluating the highest governance body’s performance See pages 101-102 of the Management Information Circular dated March 25, 2021  
Remuneration Policies See Management Information Circular dated March 25, 2021  
Responsibility for Board and Executive Compensation See pages 99-100 of Management Information Circular dated March 25, 2021 and the Code of Business Conduct and Ethics: https://www.novagold.com/_resources/governance/Code-of-Business-Conduct-and-Ethics-2014-01-10.pdf  
Process for determining remuneration See Compensation Discussion and Analysis and Non-Executive Director Compensation in the Management Information Circular dated March 25, 2021  
Has the company adopted an advisory executive compensation "Say On Pay" vote? Yes, vote held annually  
Approach to shareholder engagement Maintaining an active shareholder engagement program continues to be a high priority for the Company and is an integral part of our corporate governance practices. The Board Chair, CEO, and Vice President of Corporate Communications meet regularly with large shareholders, and the Company’s Corporate Communications team is very responsive to shareholder inquiries regardless of ownership level. In 2020, NOVAGOLD placed calls to or met in person with all of its shareholders owning 40,000 shares or more; in other words, NOVAGOLD contacted or attempted to contact its owners holding approximately 92% of the Company’s issued and outstanding Common Shares entitled to vote at NOVAGOLD’s 2020 annual meeting of shareholders. We plan to continue to regularly engage with our shareholders.   
Date of most recent annual financial report Annual Report on Form 10-K filed January 27, 2021  
Financial reporting cycle 2020 annual financial results reported January 2021. Q1 2021 financial report on Form 10-Q filed March 31, 2021; additional Form 10-Q filings planned in June 2021 and October 2021.  
Sustainability reporting cycle Sustainability Summary report issued annually  
Contact point for questions regarding ESG Disclosure  Vice President, Corporate Communications or Manager, Investor Relations: info@novagold.com or Telephone: 604-669-6227; Toll-free: 1-866-669-6227  
Human Rights
Governance Item Value Additional Comments
Human Rights Policy and Scope See https://www.novagold.com/_resources/governance/Human-Rights-Policy.pdf  
Does the company's human rights or other formal policy cover community consultations and indigenous rights Yes  
Number of grievances about human rights filed, addressed, and resolved through formal grievance mechanisms  0  
Incidents of discrimination and corrective actions taken 0  
Anti-Discrimination Policy See page 102 in the Management Information Circular dated March 25, 2021  
Operations and suppliers at significant risk for incidents of child labor No.  All operations and suppliers exist under U.S. or Canadian regulations and labor standards  
Does the Company's Code of Vendor Conduct address child labor? No. We do not have a Code of Vendor Conduct  
Operations and suppliers at significant risk for incidents of forced or compulsory labor No. All operations and suppliers exist under U.S. or Canadian regulations and standards of practice  
Does the Company's Code of Vendor Conduct address forced labour? No. We do not have a Code of Vendor Conduct; see Human Rights Policy  
Incidents of violations involving rights of indigenous peoples 0  
Operations that have been subject to human rights reviews or impact assessments 0  
Employee training on human rights policies and procedures All employees affirm their commitment to the Code of Business Conduct and Ethics annually At Donlin Gold, 85 employees have been trained in human rights. No grievances at either NOVAGOLD or Donlin Gold were escalated to legal in 2020.
Anti-Bribery & Anti-Corruption
Governance Item Value Additional Comments
Anti-Bribery & Anti-Corruption Policy https://www.novagold.com/_resources/governance/Anti-Corruption-Anti-Bribery-Anti-Fraud-Policy-2020-03-05.pdf  
Highest level of executive oversight for the company's anti-bribery or anti-corruption program? Company Ethics Officer (Vice President & CFO)  
Number of grievances about anti-corruption and anti-bribery, addressed and resolved through formal grievance mechanisms 0  
Operations assessed for risks related to corruption Not Applicable  
Does the company provide anti-corruption training to all employees, including management? All employees affirm their commitment to the Code of Business Conduct and Ethics annually  
Confirmed incidents of corruption and actions taken 0  
Payments to Governments NG_ESTMA-Report-FY-2020.pdf (novagold.com)  
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